Now were into the technical side of things and I hope to explain the basics of every aspect of film.




DSLR these cameras are great and the best part is that photography skills are easily transferable.

Thinks you will need to remember:

Keep at 25 frames per second (30 if American). You can change this in your settings.

1/50 shutter speed this should be kept for a normal look, you can change it for effect. For example, motion blur at 1/25.

Aperture: this controls the amount of light let on to the sensor through the lens. With an aperture of 1.8, the lens is very wide open, letting in lots of light. But it has a small depth of field, which means most of the shot is out of focus with a section in focus. An aperture of 14 would be darker and have a lot more in focus.

White balance: this controls what colours the camera picks up. Our eyes adjust automatically, but a camera can’t. In different lighting, colours will appear different in camera than as you see them. In shade, there is more of a blue colour, and on a sunny morning, there is more orange. I will go into colour temperatures more when we come to lights, but to change this you can either go into pre-sets and change to the icon which best fits your surroundings. If you’re using multiple cameras that are different models then the colours between the cameras can be off, so point and shoot white balance is recommended. This is where you take a photo of a piece of white paper in the lighting conditions you are in with all cameras from the same place. You go back into your white balance menu and select custom and then select the picture of the white sheet of paper.



Dialogue is one of the most important aspects to filmmaking. There are 2 pieces of equipment normally used: the microphone (including zooms, radio mics, shotguns and more) and the mixer.

(what is a mixer… I’ll explain in one moment)

All of these mics have their benefits and draw backs, but as a good all-rounder, I’d pick the shotgun/boom mic. Also you need to think about where you are say indoors you would use a the normal shotgun but if say outside you would have to put an additional fluffy cover to stop the sound of wind.

Something you have to watch out for is background sounds and sound levels. These could take away or ruin your final piece. This brings me to my next bit of kit; a mixer. Like mics, there are many different types. Their purpose is to take multiple types of mics (radio,shotgun) audio out put to be stored and to be monitored. The person using the mixer would have a higher ranking than say the boom/ mic operator, as they would have a higher understanding of the logistics of sound.


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There are 3 types of lights:

The key light, which is the main light used. It does not move the whole time, so plan your scene around it.

The fill light gives definition the side of the face and takes out any shadows.

The back light brings subject out of the back ground, making the shot look less flat.


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One final thing is colour. I touched on this previously when talking about cameras.




By in putting the white balance at 4300k in the morning time it wound make the area look normal

Messing around with this though can add effect to your film make sure to test it out before you go ahead and film your movie because it can have positive and negative effects on your end result and no one wants to have to go out and reshoot. I hope you have enjoyed this  summary of equipment and if you have any comments or questions just ask.